Where do the sphinxes come from?
In 1966, in a Canadian province of Ontario, a normal kitten was born with an ordinary cat. In most cases, this event is considered the beginning of modern hairless breeds. But, in fairness, we note that all attempts to establish a new breed failed, because, for various reasons, it died out by the mid-70s.
In 1978, again in Otario, 3 bald kittens were found in an ordinary street cat. Attempts to breed the hairless cat breed have resumed, and this time have been successful.
Now no one will say for sure, but perhaps naked kittens in Ontario were born before, but it was these three who were taken by kind people to be lucky. They wanted to cure them of “depriving”, but soon realized what kind of kittens they were, and transferred them to “professional” hands. From that moment, the successful breeding of the Sphinx breed began.
To improve the exterior and the flow of fresh blood, a cross was made with Devon Rex, which had the greatest impact on the modern breed. So, the big ears of the Sphinxes are a legacy inherited from the Devon Rex. But basically, today’s sphinxes are more like their direct ancestors, namely the kittens of an ordinary cat, found on the street.
What is the modern sphinx?
The Canadian Sphynx, like the rest of the breed, surprises with its soft outline. Each line of the figure is beautifully rounded, the shapes are convex and smooth. Maybe that’s why these graceful animals can also be called the “Moon Cat”.
Representatives of this unique breed in their elegance are similar to Chinese figurines. Big and wide ears have round ends, the flexible tail is beautifully curved or “donut” tightly pressed against the body, the forelimbs are slightly curved, resembling the legs of a bulldog.
Canadian sphinxes have their own characteristics – it is thick skin, laid in folds.
Newborn kittens are completely covered with folds (tail and paws are no exception). When the kittens turn one month old, the folds begin to smooth out, remaining in adults on the neck, head, and also a little on the trunk and stomach.
Wrinkled skin gives the Canadian Sphinxes a cute image of “old men.” It is believed that the more folds in the adult sphinx left – the better, and a small number of folds is a serious drawback. Some claim that the presence of 9 folds on the forehead of the Canadian sphinx is sufficient, but it is for this species that folds on the neck, chin and cheekbones are still binding.
The body of hairless cats is muscular and firm, but not “lean”: the stomach should look like a pear, as if the cat had just eaten well.
The skin of the sphinxes is covered with a short fluff and when touched it resembles suede. All representatives of this breed have a small hair on the back of the ears and nose, it is permissible to have wool on the tail and ends of the paws. With improper maintenance, at low temperatures, as well as with a change in hormonal levels during maturation, representatives of this breed may have wool.
The sphinx has an original gait, due to the fact that the hind legs are longer than the front.
What sphinx will you choose?
In the modern world, three breeds of hairless cats are recognized:
Peterbald (Petersburg Sphinx)
Each breed differs significantly from the others not only in phenotypic characters, but also in the genetics of hairlessness.