Hairlessness is a consequence of a sudden mutation manifested in different species of animals since ancient times. For the first time, naked cats were mentioned during the time of the Ascecs, and for the first time they were exhibited at exhibitions in 1924. These were naked cats from Mexico, which were covered with rare wool in winter.
Felinologists began to seriously breed naked cats in 1966, when in Canada, as a result of a spontaneous mutation in a litter, an ordinary domestic cat gave birth to one naked kitten named Prun. He then became the ancestor of the breed Canadian Sphynx. However, further breeding of sphinxes failed due to several reasons at once.
Firstly, the breed was extremely small, and there was no hope of stabilizing it using the animals available from felinologists. In addition, the scouts did not understand the genetics of the sphinxes. Mistakenly thought that the sign of hairlessness is dependent on gender.
Secondly, sphinx kittens were more demanding to care than their usual relatives, and often died.
And, thirdly, the breed breeding strategy in the first nurseries was unsuccessful.
On this, the history of the Sphinxes could have ended if new discoveries had not been discovered. In 1975, in Waden, Minnesota, a hairless cat appeared from a simple shorthair cat, not without humor, named Epidermis. A year later, a cat appeared there. Both animals ended up in the Z. Stardust cattery, where the epidermis became the founder of the most elite breed lines to date. In the late 70s, on the streets of Toronto, near the location of the first sphinxes, 3 more new hairless kittens were found.
In the future, in order to maintain the genetic pool of the breed of Canadian sphinxes, the kittens obtained were crossed with both sphinxes and Devon Rexes. The selection of Devon Rexes turned out to be very successful: their type and appearance were closest to the sphinxes, besides, the Devons turned out to be the only breed with mating with which bald kittens were born in the first generation.
New natural mutations of hairlessness are rare in our days on the American continent. Such animals are very appreciated and try to maximize their potential for breeding. “New bald” usually in nurseries immediately become pride.
The character of the sphinxes is absolutely not like a cat. It seems that they do not consider themselves cats at all: they are kind and friendly, affectionate to humans, often prefer one member of the family, they are not afraid of dogs and other animals, too, as if they had almost no cat instincts, are easily trained. They perceive us as their own kind “on equal terms,” ”humanly.”
This cat does not tolerate loneliness, she craves communication with the owner all the time. It is important for her not that there is a house, but that you are in it.
These cats can be kept by people who are allergic to hair or unable to care for long Persian hair.
Color Types Edit
The colors of the Canadian sphinxes are very different due to the strong pigmentation of the skin. The most common of them are bi – and tricolor colors, i.e. various combinations of the main color with white. Plain colors and various variations of tortoiseshells are somewhat less common. Very beautiful, as, however, are rare, colors, united in a group of “minks”.
Adult sphinxes rarely get sick. In case of infection, they recover soon enough, while maintaining immunity to the disease for life. This is due to the fact that body temperature is elevated. Kittens and young animals, especially respiratory diseases, are more unstable to infections. Therefore, if you start the sphinxes, their vaccination is mandatory. Sphinxes tolerate it well in any age period. It is better to use an inactivated vaccine for kittens, at least in the first stages of vaccination, since a live vaccine can sometimes cause complications – kittens get the same virus, albeit weakened, but alive, which is present in the vaccine. Adults vaccinated with a live vaccine tolerate easily and, as a rule, without complications.
Puberty occurs in sphinxes at the same time as in other cat breeds, i.e., at the age of about a year. Finally, the animal is formed by the year and a half. The first estrus in cats occurs from 5 to 12 months, it depends on heredity. In cats, puberty sets in about a year, and about half of them mark.
The number of kittens in the litter varies from 2 to 5, but usually 3-4 kittens. They give birth to sphinxes normally, there is no tendency to pathology. Kittens are born naked, all fold. The less wool on the kitten, the more gentler it will be in the future. Eyes open very early, for 3-4 days. Ears of kittens hang like puppies and get up by about the 3rd week, moreover, the larger the ears of the sphinx, the stronger they hang and later rise. Kittens are very active and intelligent, intellectually they develop earlier than physically.