Where did the bald cats come from?
When I saw the bald cat for the first time, I was very surprised. But as soon as I took her in my arms, and for all my life I fell in love with this small warm miracle! The Sphinx cannot be called just a cat, it is a creature that came to us as if from another planet. This is a cat shock. The first shock you will experience when you first look at the sphinx. You will not remain indifferent! The second shock is the sensation of a hot body in your hands. Whoever ever picks up the sphinx will never let it out. What do we know about these amazing cats? The first historical mention of naked cats dates back to the time of the Aztecs. Later information about them was found in India and Morocco, as well as in Paraguay. In the 60s of the twentieth century, in Canada, by the joint efforts of Canadian and French felinologists, the first hairless cats were bred. The breed is called the “Canadian Sphynx.” In Toronto, a bald kitten was born among kittens of an ordinary domestic cat. Subsequently, he was crossed with his own mother – and again in the litter were bald kittens. Some time later, in 1975, in the USA, the situation repeated itself: from a simple cat a bald kitten was born, not without humor called epidermis. So, gradually, by crossing rare representatives of these individuals, the number of sphinxes grew, and the result was not slow to affect – today the breed “Canadian Sphynx” is one of the most popular. Canadian sphinxes are not always completely bald: they can have residual hairs on the muzzle, ears and tip of the tail, although there are also completely bare specimens. But here’s a mustache – they have no inherent cat attribute! “Canadians” are quite muscular, strong, they have a wide and well-developed chest, slender but strong legs and a muscular neck. The ears are very large, widely spaced. Despite the lack of hair, the Canadian Sphynx is a strong, resilient breed. The first representative of this breed lived for 28 years! By nature, Canadian sphynxes are friendly, affectionate, sociable cats that need contact with their owners. But the Canadian sphynx is not the only representative of naked cats. In 1987, a resident of the city of Rostov-on-Don, Elena Kovalyova, found a kitten on the street with almost no hair. The cannon was only on the legs, tail, behind the ears and on the chest. Elena took a hungry abandoned kitten for a patient, felt sorry and took him home. The cat was called Barbara, and a few years later she gave birth to kittens from the usual cat Basil. What is most surprising, among the kittens there were also “naked” specimens. It became clear that this was not a Barbara defect, but a stable genetic mutation. Most likely, this mutation arose under the influence of environmental factors and was inherited by kittens. Since the ancestors of the cub are unknown, the cat Barbara can rightly be considered the ancestress of the “tribe” of naked cats in Russia. As a result of hard and painstaking work of Russian felinologists for many years, by 1998 a new unique breed was approved – the “Don Sphynx”. Despite the fact that this breed was officially recognized only in 1998, the Donchaks participated in the crossbreeding and breeding of new breeds from the beginning of the 90s. So, in 1994, kittens from the Don sphynx Athenogen Myth were born to a cat Radmoy Von Jagerhof of oriental breed. Four kittens were selected from the first two litters for further breeding: Mandarin from Murino, Muscat from Murino, Nezhenka from Murino and Nocturne from Murino. These kittens became representatives of a new breed – the “Petersburg Sphinx”, or “Peterbold”. In 1996, the breed was registered in the Breeding Felinological Federation. Peterbald is a representative of the Siamese-oriental group of cats and differs from the Don Sphinx in a more fragile and graceful physique. One of the most attractive features of Peterbald is the lack of aggressiveness and vindictiveness in relation to a person or other pets. Petersburgers are very affectionate animals, even in relationships with infants. Why are these cats called peterbolds? The name of the breed comes from the English “peterbald” and means “bald Peter”. This word was inspired by the creator of this breed, Olga Mironova, a sculpture of the resting Peter the Great in the Peter and Paul Fortress. The Don and St. Petersburg Sphinxes have long received international recognition and, along with the Canadian Sphynxes, participate in exhibitions around the world. It is impossible to answer the question which breed is better. Sphinxes do not need to be compared with other cats, they just need to love!