Cat of the pharaohs
It is hard to imagine a creature so little like all the familiar cat breeds. Who just do not call the sphinx. However, this is really a cat. And the prosaic “meow” does not fit in with its superexotic appearance. Almost everyone who first saw a cat of this breed experience a slight shock. But whatever your attitude towards the animal, you can never forget the sphinx or simply remain indifferent to it.
The hairless breed of cats was known, even in the days of the pharaohs of Egypt. Legend has it that the white, blue-eyed sphinx guarded Egyptian temples. It is believed that the Aztecs and ancient Mexico had hairless cats. But their appearance was different from the appearance of modern sphinxes.
Now there are three breeds of hairless sphynx cats: the Canadian sphinx and two – bred in Russia – the Don sphinx and the St. Petersburg sphinx. True, only Canadian sphinxes have received world recognition so far (there are so far only Don sphinxes, only a preliminary standard). The Canadian Sphinxes will be discussed today.
The beginning of modern breeding of sphinxes was in 1966. Then a domestic cat in Ontario (Canada) gave birth to a hairless kitten. He became the founder of a new breed of exotic cats, which later became known as the Canadian Sphynx.
Today there are very few purebred Canadian sphinxes. Due to the extremely limited number of animals, other breeds were used in the breeding program. The most commonly used Canadian Sphynxes were the Devon Rex curly cats. The fact is that the descendants of the first generation do not have wool. But these breeds are different in exterior. If the Devon Rex is an elegant graceful cat, of a light type, then the sphinx is a “bulldog among cats”. And this capacious comparison perfectly reflects the essence of the breed.
The main distinguishing feature of the sphinx is the absence of hair, although it would be wrong to say that there is not a single hair on the sphinx. To the touch, the skin resembles a suede with a good finish. Sometimes, especially in the cold season, the sphinxes have a slight fluff, which they subsequently almost completely lose. Sphynx kittens are covered with folds of skin and look very funny. In an adult animal, wrinkles remain mainly between the ears, on the neck, behind the cheekbones. And the more wrinkles that remain in an adult cat, the better.
The sphinxes of many modern lines look more like exquisite porcelain figurines than the wonderful wrinkled gnomes that were at the very beginning of breeding. These cats have amazing softness. In their figures there is not a single straight line, they are all rounded, all forms are convex, and at the same time, are smooth. Maybe that’s why the second, less well-known name of the Canadian sphinx is “moon cat”.
The character of the sphinxes is not at all feline. It seems that they do not consider themselves cats at all: they are good-natured, peaceful, affectionate for humans, and are good for dogs and other animals.
New natural mutations of hairlessness are now found among cats. Such animals are very appreciated and try to maximize their potential in breeding. “New bald” usually become the pride of nurseries.
For complete comfort, the sphinx needs the same temperature as a person. They do not require a special diet, but are voracious enough and eat more than other cats. This is because they need much more energy to heat the body. After all, the body temperature of the sphinxes approaches 42 ° C. Maybe that is why the ancient Indians used naked cats as live heating pads.
Sphinxes live as long and have the same health as other cats. Breeding is not particularly difficult. And therefore, recently the popularity of this breed has been growing all over the world. In America, sphinx lovers even publish their own newspaper, Naked Truth, Naked Truth.
Sphinxes perceive a person as their brothers and relate to him “on equal terms”, completely “humanly”. Talking with such a cat is always very nice. It is possible that due to the lack of hair, a feeling of contact is no longer with the animal, but with the creature standing a step closer to the person – and, who knows, is it only externally? ..