Like some other hairless cat breeds, the Canadian Sphynx arose as a result of chance – a genetic mutation. One day, a cat nicknamed Elizabeth had an unusual hairless kitten, which was named Prun. It happened in Canada in 1966. The owners crossed it with cats of various breeds, however, the mechanism of the absence of hair was not fully fixed, since the gene was recessive.
However, success came along with the birth of another bald kitten in another state – he was born in Waden, Minnesota, and received the name Epidermis, which directly indicates the main feature of the pet. He was crossed with the same hairless cat from Z. Stardust cattery, which was a real breakthrough. About 10 years have passed between the appearance of Prun and Epidermis, and, it can be said, they can be considered the “fathers” of the breed.
Another important event in the history of the breed is the discovery of three hairless cats in Toronto – Bambi, Pinky and Paloma, in 1970. Moreover, Bambi was a seasoned street cat, battered in battles with other cats and no longer able to breed. But Pinky and Paloma became the progenitors of the European branch – they were sent to Holland.
However, the black and white handsome Bambi also became famous – he became the first Canadian sphinx long-liver, delighting others with his gentle disposition for 19 years. One of the most famous animals of this breed is the Austin Powers cat, Mr. Beaglesworth.
Sphinxes – perhaps the most legendary of all hairless breeds, which is associated with the duration of its existence, and this, for a minute, more than 50 years. The appearance of an alien guest, combined with a beautiful, loving character – these are the main features of these animals.
The Canadian Sphinx has large, very sensitive ears, an elongated body and limbs. The muzzle is wedge-shaped, slightly irregular in shape, the eyes are large and hypnotic. Despite the lack of hair, cats can have a color. Life expectancy is an average of 15 years.
Cat breed Canadian sphynx loves attention, and not just attention – many sphinxes simply have to be in the center of universal admiration. And they are ready to do for this if not all, then almost everything. But this is fundamentally different from human ostentatiousness – the animal simply loves to communicate with people and receive human love and affection. By the way – if at an early age not to limit his desire is in his hands, you will not rest. In other words, these cute cats need a certain upbringing, although they are extremely intelligent.
The Canadian Sphinx is active, playful, and will try to participate in all household chores. It is not recommended to leave him alone for a long time, so when you go on vacation it is better to take your pet with you. Even if you leave him with friends, he will miss and yearn for you. The Canadian Sphinx treats children well, and normally perceives strangers.
Sphinxes are extremely devoted to the owner and their family in general. Sometimes they are a little playful, like to fool around. They are very similar to children in many ways, which, in fact, may therefore well find a common language with them. They are also always ready to make friends with other pets, be it a cat or a dog.
The breed Canadian Sphynx has health problems, including skin, although, here, most often it all depends on proper care. Among the hereditary diseases include:
pigmentary urticaria – a skin disease;
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a heart disease, there is a disagreement about the heredity of the sphinxes, however, it cannot be denied that the breed is more likely to suffer from this disease.
The coat of ordinary cats plays the role of a protective layer, in addition, the coat absorbs sweat. Canadian sphinxes and other hairless breeds of cats do not have fur, which means that there is no even that protective layer. Accordingly, all impurities remain on the skin, especially when the cat sweats. It is necessary to constantly clean the skin with a damp cloth, and make sure that there is no irritation on the skin.
In addition, remember all the standard cat-like procedures – brushing your teeth at least 3 times a week, brushing your ears as needed (you need to be careful here, as the Canadian Sphinx has large and very sensitive ears), and clipping. You need to bathe your pet at least 1 time in 10 days.