How did the Canadian sphinxes appear
Among furry cats, cats without hair look like aliens. Their grace and beauty are clearly of unearthly origin. And not every earthling is given to understand and fully appreciate the charm of this unusual breed. Sphinxes are not like any other cats. Even if you shave an ordinary cat baldly, you will get a bald cat, but not a sphinx, which is distinguished by harmony, soft outlines, rounded shapes, a unique cut of eyes and an ear set.
The European standard says that in this breed the best character traits of a kitten, puppy, monkey and child are combined. In fact, the Canadian sphinxes have an unusual disposition, their behavior is not like any other animals, which puts these feline in a separate row. The uniqueness of the sphinxes attracts attention, and their popularity is great in all corners of the globe.
Where do the bald cats come from?
The Aztecs left us ancient drawings depicting cats without hair. It is now difficult to prove, but it is very likely that the descendants of those cats began to be called “Mexican Hairless Cats.” At the beginning of the last century, at the cat shows held in America, one could see rare representatives of hairless cats.
In the book “The Book of the Cat” (1903), written by Francis Simpson, the Mexican hairless cat is first described. According to the data in the book, a certain Mr. Shinik, near New Mexico, acquired two hairless cats from the Aztec Indians. The leader of the Indian tribe claimed that these were the last representatives of the unusual Aztec breed, which was known only in New Mexico.
Nellie the cat and Dick the cat were relatives – siblings, so Mr. Shinik decided not to knit them. It was not possible to save the breed for two reasons: Dick was killed by dogs, but for Nelly they could not find a suitable partner.
Mr. Shinnik, in a letter to his friend, describes the character and behavior of those Aztec cats. Comparing the descriptions with the character of modern hairless cats, we can say that Canadian sphynxes are very similar to their ancestors. So, Mr. Shinnik wrote that Dick and Nelly were very intelligent and loyal to the family, that they liked the warm bath, and they slept under the covers with a small child. There was a feeling that they understood every word, they also liked to play and be on hand. The bodies of these amazing cats are always soft and warm than they look like a baby.
The physique of modern sphinxes is different from Mexican hairless cats, which had a wedge-shaped head, amber eyes and large ears. The physique itself was lightweight, a mustache grew on its face, and in the cold season of winter the back and tail were covered with short hair, which completely disappeared by the summer.
Mr. R. Letard, French professor of genetics, reported in 1938 about two kittens born of hairless two Siamese cats in Paris. After 12 years, in 1950, again in France, a Siamese cat gave birth to 3 hairless kittens, which after some time were crossed between themselves. As a result of this cross, several kittens without hair were born. Unfortunately, history is silent about the further course of research.
Facts report that hairless cats appeared from time to time in different parts of the world. However, it was the sphinxes that became the successful breed, which received international recognition. The first breeders chose the exotic name “Sphinx” because they saw the similarity of their bald cats and Egyptian ones, represented by sculptures in the Louvre and in the British Museum.