Hairlessness is a consequence of a sudden mutation manifested in different species of animals since ancient times. For the first time, naked cats were mentioned during the time of the Ascecs, and for the first time they were exhibited at exhibitions in 1924. These were naked cats from Mexico, which were covered with rare wool in winter.
Felinologists began to seriously breed naked cats in 1966, when in Canada, as a result of a spontaneous mutation in a litter, an ordinary domestic cat gave birth to one naked kitten named Prun. He then became the ancestor of the breed Canadian Sphynx. However, further breeding of sphinxes failed due to several reasons at once. Continue reading
Sphynx breed standard accepted as final for refereeing under the CFA system (with the award of champion status), starting from May 1, 2002. The abbreviation adopted for the breed: SPH (SPX) GENERAL DESCRIPTION The most significant difference between these cats is the appearance of hairlessness. Sphinxes of medium size and physique with unexpectedly heavy weight for their size. Expressed sexual demorphism, i.e. cats are on average smaller than cats. The shape of the head is a modified wedge with pronounced cheekbones and pads of whiskers (whiskeys), giving the muzzle (that is, the parts of the head, starting with the nose and ending with the chin) a “squared” look. The body is warm and soft to the touch, with a texture similar to either a soft peach or smooth nectarine. Sphinxes have a cute character, loving, intelligent and sociable, contact. HEAD The length of the head is slightly greater than its width, with prominent cheekbones and a distinctive “pinch” (the line of transition from the cheekbones to the muzzle with a noticeable “interception”). Continue reading
Mention of hairless cats can be found in antiquity. Naked cats probably were still among the Aztecs. Representatives of the disappeared ancient breed, called Mexican hairless, were shown at the first cat shows in the USA at the beginning of the 20th century. The last couple survived until the early 30s, unfortunately, without leaving offspring. According to the description, Mexican hairless differed from modern sphinxes: they had a long body, a wedge-shaped head with amber eyes and long mustaches, which modern sphinxes simply do not have. In winter, long hair grew on the back and tail, which disappeared by the summer. The genetics of this mutation has remained unknown. Perhaps the Mexican hairless was genetically close to the Don Sphinx, because both of them, with their hairlessness, still have a mustache and a tendency to dress in a fur coat for winter. Continue reading